"Honoring Hanna," a mixed media collage
Amelia Flores Ireland, 2019
This collage honors courageous women, past and present. The prominent figure at right is Missouri Hanna, Edmonds (WA) suffragist and first woman newspaper publisher in Washington State.
Other women depicted in the collage are:
1. Alice Paul (1885-1977) American suffragist and organizer of the 1913 Women’s Suffrage Procession, a controversial and impactful woman’s march. In 1916 she founded the National Women’s Party.
2. Angela Davis (1944-) Political activist, academic, and author. She made waves early in her career by aligning with the Communist party, standing up for her beliefs, and fighting for civil rights.
3. Audre Lorde (1932-1992) Caribbean American poet, feminist, womanist, writer, activist. Lorde was a champion for intersectional feminism and her work expressed an anger for a system that is not equal for all. “I am not free while any woman is unfree, even when her shackles are very different from my own.”
4. Barbara Walters (1929-) Glass-ceiling destroyer, journalist. She was the first woman to co-host NBC’s Today show in 1962, and the first woman to co-anchor an evening newscast in 1976.
5. Bertha Knight Landes (1868-1943) Civic activist, women’s rights organizer, and first female mayor of a major city. Landes was elected to the Seattle City Council in 1922 and became council president in 1924. She served as Seattle mayor from 1926-1928.
6. Betty Friedan (1921-2006) Author, philosopher, and founder of the National Organization for Women, the National Women’s Caucus, and the National Abortion Rights Action League. Her 1963 book, The Feminine Mystique, is credited for starting the Second Wave of Feminism. Her thoughts on women’s equality sparked movement and change.
7. Beyoncé (1981-) Feminist, artist, musician, activist, mogul. Using music, Beyonce spreads a message of self love, women’s rights, intersectional equality, and calls to action. She works with human rights organizations.
8. Carrie Chapman Catt (1859-1947) Founder of the League of Women Voters and International Alliance of Women, President of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. One of the most recognizable suffrage leaders, her work and endurance led to the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, giving women the right to vote in 1920.
9. Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie (1977-) Nigerian author, MacArthur Genius Grant winner, feminist. Her speech at TEDxEuston in December 2012, We Should All be Feminists, inspired a whole new generation of feminists, and brought feminism into popular conversation.
10. Christiane Amanpour (1958-) Award winning British-Iranian journalist, TV anchor. Outspoken on human rights issues, she uses her platform to share the injustices of the world. She serves on the board for multiple human rights organizations and fights for the rights of women journalists.
11. Coretta Scott King (1927-2006) American civil rights leader, singer, author, and activist. Even more strongly than her husband, she believed in non-violent human rights activism. King was a vocal and inspiring support for LGBTQ rights early on.
12. Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902) Lead instigator of the first organized women’s rights and suffrage movements in the United States; activist, suffragist, and abolitionist; writer of the Declaration of Sentiments which used the Declaration of Independence as the framework to express the importance of gender equality; president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. She was the publisher of a women’s rights newspaper, The Revolution.
13. Emmeline Pankhurst (1858-1928) British political activist, British Suffragette movement organizer, founder of Women’s Franchise League. Using radical tactics, like chaining herself to the wall, and believing in equality for all, Pankhurst aligned herself with the Independent Labour Party and worked tirelessly to fight for women’s equality.
14. Frances Axtell (1866-1953) Early female legislator in Bellingham, Washington, in 1912. She narrowly lost a U.S. senate race in 1916, and served on the Federal Employees’ Compensation Commission. Axtell was a pioneer for women in politics, a Washington State hero, and an inspiration for all.
15. Gloria Steinem (1934-) Feminist, journalist, activist. Leader since the 1960s, co-founder of Ms. Magazine, founding member of the National Women's Political Caucus. Steinem remains an important voice in women’s rights.
16. Harriet Tubman (1822-1913) Abolitionist, political activist, suffragist, United States spy. After many missions to rescue enslaved people using the Underground Railroad, Tubman went on to continue to fight for the freedom of all slaves, from Harpers Ferry to the Civil War. And once that was over she continued the fight, this time for the rights of women to vote.
17. Hillary Clinton (1947-) American politician, lawyer, diplomat, Secretary of State, writer and public speaker. She is the first woman to be nominated for president by a major party.
18. Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1862-1931) Investigative journalist, educator, leader of the civil rights movement, co-founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and founder of the first African American Women’s Civic Club that is currently known as the Ida B Wells Club. Her investigative journalism exposed the deep racism and sexism in America and her past political activism continues to inspire and evoke change.
19. Laverne Cox, LGBTQ+ activist, trailblazer for the transgender community. By using her platform to call out transphobia, misinformation, discrimination, and violence against the transgender community, Cox has been a life-saving advocate.
20. Lucretia Mott (1793-1880) Abolitionist, feminist, social reformer, helped launched the women’s rights movement, helped organize the 1837 Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women, the 1845 First Annual Women’s Rights Convention. As a founding member of the National Woman Suffrage Association, Mott was a radical pacifist with ideas ahead of her time. She was not afraid to speak up for equality for all. Mott was truly an intersectional feminist before such a thing was even talked about.
21. Lucy Stone (1818-1893) Suffragist, orator, women’s rights advocate, abolitionist, sartorial rebel, first woman from Massachusetts to earn a college degree. Using her excellent skills as a public speaker and her shock at the inequalities women faced in the workplace Stone became an important figure for early women’s rights and the suffrage movement.
22. Malala Yousafzai (1997-) Pakistani activist for female education, human rights advocate, youngest Nobel Prize laureate, founder of a secondary school for Syrian refugee girls, feminist. Despite many attempts to quiet her, Malala has never stopped speaking up and taking action for the equal rights to education for all children.
23. Marjorie Edwina Pitter King (1921-1996) The first African American woman to serve as a Washington State legislator and one of the state's earliest African American businesswomen. In her 50 years in her own successful tax business, King often helped those who could not pay or were not literate.
24. Maya Angelou (1928-2014) Memoirist, singer, iconic civil rights activist, women’s rights advocate, radical poet. She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barrack Obama.
I’m a woman
25. Millicent Garrett Fawcett (1847-1929) British suffragist, political leader, activist, investigative writer, Governor of Bedford College, leader of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies. Within the system, Fawcett fought for change, not only for women’s right to vote, but for the legal protection of the rights of women and children.
26. Nettie Craig Asberry (1865-1968) Founding member of the Tacoma NAACP, music teacher, activist, woman suffragist. Asbury was an active member of the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs whose motto was “Lifting as We Climb.”
27. Roxane Gay (1974-) Writer, professor, commentator, activist, supporter of LGBTQ rights, feminist, unruly body warrior. Using her talents as a writer Gay shares the truths about living as a woman, a survivor, and as a "Difficult Woman." By spreading her truth, she has inspired many women to stand up and speak their truths.
28. Ruth Bader Ginsberg (1933-) Lawyer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice. Second female justice to be confirmed to the Supreme Court, co-founder of the Women’s Rights Project at the ACLU. Fighting her way through a traditionally male field of work, she has remained outspoken —a teller of truth, and a dedicated advocate for women’s rights.
29. Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906) Women’s rights activist, abolitionist, suffragist, first female U.S. citizen to be depicted on a U.S. coin. She was the founding member of the New York Women's State Temperance Society, Women’s Loyal National League, and National Woman Suffrage Association. Anthony initiated the American Equal Rights Association. Publisher of women’s rights newspaper The Revolution. She once arranged for an amendment to reach Congress to allow women to vote. Susan B. Anthony was critical to the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. constitution in 1920.
30. Tarana Burke (1973-) Civil rights activist, founder of the Me Too movement, public speaker, founder of the non-profit “Just Be,” recipient of the Prize for Courage from The Ridenhour Prizes. She is one of the Silence Breakers who was listed as Time magazine’s “Person of the Year” in 2017 and is Senior Director at Girls for Gender Equity. Burke used the phrase “Me Too” to bring awareness to the pervasiveness of sexual abuse and assault in society, opening doors for women everywhere to speak truth to power.
31. Yoko Ono (1933-) Japanese American multimedia artist, recording artist, musician, feminist icon, peace activist, gender issue advocate, and recipient of the Dr. Rainer Hildebrandt Human Rights Award. Her 1971 manifesto “The Feminization of Society” and her early feminist performance art “The Cutting Piece” both represent the role of gender and specifically women in contemporary society. Using her art and her powerful voice, Ono continues to fight for human rights everywhere.
The artist would like to clarify that this is by no means a complete list of all the influential and important leaders in the Women’s Rights Movement. There are many advocates and activists who have paved the way to the 1920 ratification of the 19th Amendment, and there have been many more that have fought since then. It is also especially important to recognize that other women of color, women from all over the world, and gender-noncomforming folks, who are not pictured in "Honoring Hanna," have fought for the equality of all.
Thank you to Bellingham artist, Amelia Ireland, for creating the image "Honoring Hanna." She incorporated women leaders into the design and then created this list.
Two portable LWV pop-up banners and an interpretive historical panel of Missouri Hanna on Sunset Avenue in Edmonds have been created by Edmonds graphic artist, Magrit Baurecht. These banners and panel will provide educational opportunities in our community for the Women’s Suffrage Centennial Year.
The League of Women Voters of Snohomish County is grateful to the following organizations for providing funding:
- Votes for Women Centennial Grants, which are provided by Washington State Historical Society and Washington State Women’s Commission
- Snohomish County Historical Preservation Commission
Want more information? Visit suffrage100wa.com.